God

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For many, god is considered as perhaps one of the most fundamental aspects of religion and it is thus conceived of in many different ways. In terms of other religions, monotheism and henotheism conceive god as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.[1] The concept of God as described by theologians as something which commonly includes attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. Monotheism is the belief in the existence of one God or in the oneness of God. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God is purported not to exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within the context of agnosticism. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".[2]

The prototheistic approach to this concept is one of simply defining an agreeable definition of something which could be conceived of as god despite having other names attributed to them as notions which may potentially serve an identical or similar logical role. A system which meets the following requirements of a traditional "god" tend to meet the following requirements:

  • An all powerful system or being
  • An all knowing system or being
  • The creator, sustainer and controller of this existence

These can be considered as perhaps the most general and agreeable definition of godhood. There are multiple concepts which can also be considered to share this definition. These include the universe, nature, everything, reality, existence and multiple or specific mythological deities which are not evidence based but are commonly considered as an intrinsic part of traditional and mythology based religions.

However, although it is important to many, the belief in a god is not completely necessary for spiritual fulfillment although is still important to note that belief in the existence of a God is not necessarily unfounded in reason. As one can legitimately arrive at the conclusion that god potentially or even likely exists without depending entirely on faith. Nonetheless, this belief does not equate to absolute truth and should not be treated as such.

The historical anthropomorphization of god into an often humanoid deity has resulted in it becoming completely disregarded by modern intellectualism in an unnecessary manner that has held the notion back by associating it with primitive mysticism. When a concept of God is extrapolated into a more culturally specific and mythological form, it loses its legitimacy and becomes interchangeable with other the myriad of other "Gods", none of which are supported by evidence and can thus only be accepted through blind faith.

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References[edit]

  1. Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1995.
  2. Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1995.